Canadian Pharmacy: Don`t Overcook


By going to such an extreme, we have destroyed a lot of nutrients, vitamins and proteins (including enzymes) that are essential to optimal health. When spinach is overcooked, it loses its bright green color and turns pale forest green. The color change indicates that the wonderful chlorophyll molecules that provide blood-building nutrients have lost their effective magnesium centerpiece. Don`t Overcook

Consuming foods raw or fermented is highly recommended Viagra online. Prior to the widespread manufacturing of refrigerators in the 1940s, nearly everybody fermented or pickled vegetables and meats as a method of preserving. Cultures all over the world ferment grapes for wine and dairy for kefir, whey and cheese. Soybeans were fermented for tempeh and miso, bok choy for kimchi, cabbage for sauerkraut, wheat for beer or sourdough. In the south, Polynesians ferment taro for poi. In the north, Eskimos ferment meats, cod liver, and fish to produce “high meat”. The Swedish ferment Baltic herring to make “Surstrdm-ming”. The Koreans ferment skate, a cartilaginous fish, for “Hongeohoe” and the Japanese ferment mackerel and exocoetidae, also known as flying fish, to produce the odorous dish called “Kusaya”.

The process of fermentation allows strains of beneficial bacteria that are probiotic (pro means “for” and biotic means “life”) to thrive in our foods. Besides being an excellent method of preserving foods, fermentation replenishes the healthy bacteria (gut flora) in our digestive tracts. Vegetable-based ferments are mainly anaerobic lacto-fermented while high meats are primarily aerobically fermented, so the presence of a constant oxygen supply is integral.

Scientists have found that bacterial cells in the human body outnumber human cells ten to one. Commonly researched strains of beneficial bacteria include Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus paracasei and Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii. The mixed community of these bacterial cells does not threaten us but instead offers vital help with basic physiological processes, including immune self-defense. For example Saccharomyces boulardii is effective in preventing and treating patients who have develop diarrhea and colitis due to antibiotic resistant Clostridium difficile.

In addition to fighting antibiotic induced infections, these beneficial bacteria help digest foods during the fermentation process, then release those nutrients that we ourselves cannot manufacture directly from the foods. They support the further breakdown of foods, enhance the body’s ability to absorb essential dietary minerals, help produce specific nutrients (such as Vitamin K), and improve the absorption of water and lipids in the gastrointestinal tract. Fermentation enables preparation and storage of foods to retain and, in many cases, augment nutritional value. I recommend Wild Fermentation by Sandor Katz as your first guide in learning how to ferment. You will have a lifetime of recipes to explore in just that one book alone.

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The therapeutic efficacy of live probiotic strains may be limited

Kuitunen reported that probiotic supplementation of pregnant mothers and their offspring conferred protection from allergic disease only to cesarean-delivered children, suggesting that probiotic treatment may be beneficial only in subpopulations of patients (ie, those with abnormal or disrupted gut microbiota). It is also clear that the immunoregulatory actions of certain LAB can be inhibited in the presence of other strains. L reuteri, a poor inducer of IL-12 from murine DCs, inhibits IL-12, IL-6, and TNF-a induction by the otherwise strong HQ Viagra online  cytokine inducer L casei, whereas both Bifidobacterium bifidum and L reuteri can inhibit Lactobacillus acidophilus-induced IL-12 production by DCs and accordingly abrogate IFN-g production by NK cells.

This suggests that the benefits of mixed strain probiotic preparations may actually be less than the sum of their parts. How the existing commensal LAB and other bacteria composing the host microbiota might influence immunomodulatory action of a single orally administered strain is also unknown. Other factors that have not been fully explored and may influence therapeutic efficacy include the fact that the immune response to candidate probiotics may depend on the growth phase of the bacteria. Furthermore, there has also been little examination of the immunomodulatory effects of long-term exposure to probiotics, and one study in mice suggests that some of the extraintestinal immune effects may be lost with sustained treatment.


For the reasons outlined previously, the therapeutic efficacy of live probiotic strains may be limited. However, alternative approaches may be developed. To date a number of microbial cell wall components, including polysaccharides! and lipoteichoic acids as well as potential secreted products, have been identified as being critical to the immunoregulatory effects of certain bacteria and/or to mimic the effect of whole organisms, including the ability to attenuate the allergic airway response in mice (Fig 2).

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The prevalence of obesity is increasing dramatically throughout the Western world

These results have important implications for the clinical assessment of patients with combined obesity and airway obstruction.

Abbreviations: AN OVA = analysis ofvariance; Dlco = diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide; ERV = expiratory reserve volume; FRC = functional residual capacity; GOLD = Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; IC = inspiratory capacity; LLN = lower limit of normal; NW = normal weight; OB = obese; OW = overweight; Raw = airway resistance; RV = residual volume; sRaw = specific airway resistance; TLC = total lung capacity; UW = underweight; VC = vital capacity.

The prevalence of obesity is increasing dramatically throughout the Western world. It is well established that obesity can result in respiratory impairment and increased respiratory symptoms, even in individuals without airway obstruction. The main physiologic effects of simple obesity include reduced respiratory system compliance, increased work and oxygen cost of breathing, and increased peripheral airway closure. In a cohort of individuals without airway obstruction (prebronchodilator FEV/FVC > 90% predicted), Jones and Nzekwui confirmed an inverse relation between increasing BMI and static lung volume components. In that study, it was established that relatively small increases in BMI (ie, the overweight [OW] range) had profound effects on functional © 2011 American College of Chest Physicians. Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians residual capacity (FRC) and expiratory reserve volume (ERV).

The interaction between increasing BMI and lung volumes in individuals with underlying airway obstruction is less well established. Recent studies in asthma have indicated that the relation between BMI and lung volumes appears to be similar to that described in populations without airway obstruction. Information Viagra Canada is lacking on the effect of BMI on plethysmo-graphic lung volume measurements in patients with COPD. This information becomes important for accurate interpretation of pulmonary function tests in an ever-increasing number of patients in whom obesity and chronic airway obstruction coexist.

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All About Cancer (Part 1)

Length of Exposure

Of course the likelihood of developing cancer from a carcinogen increases in relation to the intensity and length of exposure to that carcinogen. For example, someone who continues to eat a diet high in saturated animal fat and low in fresh fruit and vegetables is at higher risk of bowel and prostate cancer than a man who may have had a poor diet but has now made some positive changes. Smoking one cigarette once clearly has a negligible risk of lung cancer compared to smoking twenty cigarettes a day for thirty years.


Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. The World Health Organization has classified radon as a Class 1 carcinogen. When breathed into the lungs this radioactive gas damages lung tissues, which can lead to lung cancer. Radon is a naturally occurring gas that comes from the radioactive decay of uranium in our rocks and soils. It has no odour, colour or taste and so can not be detected by humans. There are parts of Ireland where radon gas levels are very high, including the south east. Radon dissolves and is harmless in the open air but in enclosed spaces like houses it can build up to dangerous levels. All new houses now have to be fitted with a radon barrier but any house built prior to 1998 does not have to have a radon barrier fitted. Therefore it is important to check radon levels in your own house. This can be done quite simply by getting a radon counter, which is available from the Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland in Dublin (RPII) ( The counter is left in your house for a period of time and then sent back to them for analysis. If the radon levels are high, then remedial measures can be taken to correct this. According to the RPII, radon accounts for about two-thirds of the total radiation to which the average Irish person is exposed. The lifetime risk of lung cancer for a 70-year-old man who has been exposed to high levels of radon is one in fifty.

General Warning Signs of Cancer – Catch it Early

While cancer is best prevented, early detection is vital to maximise the chance of cure. This means, as a man, you must be aware of potential early warning signs of cancer and take appropriate action. While many men with some of the listed symptoms won’t actually have cancer or other serious illnesses, it’s important not to take chances with your health. If in doubt, check it out! There really are no advantages to delaying seeking medical advice. On the contrary, early detection can literally sometimes be the difference between life and death.

  • Any change in your bowel habit such as bleeding from the back passage, constipation or diarrhoea, or a feeling of incomplete emptying may indicate early bowel cancer.
  • A change in your waterworks pattern, including urinating more often, the stream stopping and starting, peeing at night and with a sense of urgency, may indicate prostate problems.
  • A sore that doesn’t heal can suggest mouth or skin cancer.
  • Any obvious change in a mole or a wart, such as an increase in size, change in colour or bleeding, may indicate skin cancer.
  • Unusual bleeding from any site of the body:
    • blood in the stool may indicate colon cancer.
    • blood in the urine may indicate bladder cancer or kidney cancer.
    • spitting or coughing up blood may indicate lung cancer.
  • A lump or swelling in the testicles may indicate testicular cancer.
  • Persistent heartburn, indigestion, difficulty swallowing or feeling something getting stuck may indicate cancer of the food pipe (oesophagus) or stomach.
  • A persistent cough or chronic hoarseness may be a sign of throat or lung cancer.
  • Any nagging pain in the bones or elsewhere without apparent reason
  • Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
  • Persistent sweating
  • Low-grade fever
  • Unexplained bruising
  • Persistent headaches
  • Unusual fatigue
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An Exploration of Priorities for Adulthood and the Meaning of Parenthood

Meaning of parenthood

Previous research on ‘meaning of parenthood’ has fallen into two categories:

  1. undertaken with adults, largely in relation to infertility and new reproductive technologies
  2. undertaken with adolescents, largely in relation to prevention of teenage pregnancy.

Previous research with adults

For the majority of adults there is an expectation and desire to produce children. Research has suggested that ‘meaning of parenthood’ is a complex and individual concept with core components variously identified as biological, psychological, sociological, emotional, interpersonal and socio-cultural/ societal. A helpful review of the research in this area has been carried out by Netherwood.

Researchers have also sought to understand the continuing attraction of parenthood. Callan’s Australian research suggests this may be because virtually all societies are essentially pronatalistic, praising the virtues of parenthood and encouraging reproduction. In British culture, for example, research has shown that there is such a societal expectation to reproduce that those (in particular, women) who either voluntarily or involuntarily do not do so are seen as outside the norm. The stigma of childlessness, however, is by no means an exclusively female problem. Fathering a child is viewed socially as confirmation of a man’s virility and a childless man may feel that others doubt his masculinity.

Interestingly, the perceived disadvantages of parenthood receive much less coverage in published research. Morse notes her view that perceived disadvantages may include the inevitable return to traditional roles, with the woman caring for children and being responsible for domestic chores while the man is the primary or only breadwinner; the real or perceived reduction in income and associated financial difficulties; the curtailment of leisure activities; and the prevention of the full experience and expression of an adult relationship because of the presence of a child. An Australian Pharmacy Online study of voluntarily and involuntarily childless wives’ perceptions of motherhood included disruptions to lifestyle, lack of personal time and prevention of opportunities for adult development and learning.

A review of changing population trends over the past 25 years suggests the need to understand better voluntary childlessness. The number of child-less women of 40 years of age in Britain has risen from one in ten in 1980 to one in five in 2000 with women now expected to have an average of 1.7 children each – one of the lowest figures since wartime. As Bunting points out, this trend is not unique to Britain. Although it is commonly assumed that every adult expects and wants to produce children, the prevalence of involuntary childlessness in industrialized societies is around 15–19 per cent and research suggests that between 4 per cent and 9 per cent never seek or want parenthood, preferring instead to pursue careers, enjoy life free from parental responsibilities and commit to relationships without reproduction.

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Identity, diversity and difference: young people’s experience of fertility difficulties

Understanding ethnicity and diversity

South Asian parents’ and young people’s discussions about fertility following bone marrow transplantation in thalassaemia further illustrate the importance of conceptualizing ethnicity within this broader context. Several years after the event, parents and young people often complain that they were not informed about the possible effects on fertility following bone marrow transplantation. Research, however, suggests that they were informed but at the time chose to focus on the prospect of ‘cure’ rather than the long-term consequences of the treatment tretinoin cream Canada. This is perhaps understandable, particularly since bone marrow transplantation occurs at a young age when fertility may not always be uppermost in a parent’s mind. Such a response, however, occurs irrespective of ethnicity and seems to be a feature of bone marrow transplantation.

Ethnicity, therefore, does not always equate with difference. Similarly, not every problem or difficulty a person encounters as they attempt to gain access to appropriate service delivery can be attributed to his or her ethnic background. Socio-economic status, age and gender may be as important as ethnicity in making sense of a person’s health and social care needs. By improving services generally we can often improve support for minority ethnic populations.

Disability, chronic illness and identity

Up to now we have discussed identity within the broader context of ethnicity, diversity and difference. There has been, however, an important theme missing from our discussion. Many of the issues raised by more specific discussions about ethnicity, chronic illness and disability have relevance to emerging discourses on fertility and ethnicity. Debates about identity are complex but are perhaps more so for disabled or chronically ill people from minority ethnic groups. Young people may wish to identify with the religious and cultural values of their family as well as with those of the more Western-orientated wider society in which they live. The experience of disability in which they are struggling to reconcile the inability of the wider society to accommodate difference, while maintaining a positive identity, further complicates the situation.

The past 20 years have seen a shift in how disability is perceived in Western societies. The medical model, with its emphasis on rehabilitation and sense of personal tragedy, has been challenged by a more social model in which disability is seen in relation to the attitudes and barriers imposed by an unjust society .

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Testosterone for Erectile Dysfunction

The specific issue of whether exogenous testosterone can be considered as a primary treatment for ED regardless of etiology is difficult. In clinical practice, there is no need to look to testosterone as first-line therapy when there are disease-specific alternatives. Although there has been a meta-analysis no studies exist to assess testosterone vs. placebo for therapy of ED of wide-spectrum etiology using good numbers and careful design comparable to modern clinical trials. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to examine whether testosterone therapy could salvage sildenafil citrate in Canada failure in men with ED and hypogonadism.

The ratio of yearly turnover in the drugstores of Australia is slowly but steadily shifts in favour of Australian Pharmacy outlets online, with virtual shopping consistently superseding physical shopping. This can be accounted for by quite a number of reasons ranging anywhere between further infiltration of high technologies in every sphere of our lives and little enthusiasm that normally accompanies buying drugs like Viagra in Australia in person. Confidentiality, availability and simplicity are what you get with Australian Pharmacy online.

A total of 75 men were included in the study and were treated with 50 mg/d of testosterone in the form of 1% testosterone gel. Using the International Index of Erectile Function as an assessment tool, following 4 wk of therapy, erectile function was shown to be significantly improved compared with placebo (p = 0.0290). Significant improvements were also reported in orgasmic function (p = 0.009), overall satisfaction (p = 0.02), and the total score of the sexual function questionnaire (p = 0.011). Serum testosterone levels increased from 300 ng/dL at baseline to 500 to 600 ng/dL in the testosterone group. Kalinchenko et al.reported similar results.

Testosterone-replacement therapy for the treatment of ED should be reserved for clear or reasonable biochemical or clinical indications suggesting that androgen abnormali-ties are a contributing cause and that testosterone replacement will not be harmful. The 2nd International Consultation on Erectile Dysfunction (2003) recommended that it is important to screen men who present with ED for low serum testosterone and hypogonad-ism, particularly if they fail treatment with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors or if they are in at-risk populations, such as those with diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or chronic renal failure.

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What Are Nitric Oxide Erections for Men?

Nitric oxide results in the relaxation of the blood vessels, the regeneration of the inner lining of the arteries and prevents the clumping of platelets which then results in the blood being thinner. Nitric oxide is used in the treatment of different cardiovascular diseases such as clotting and the narrowing of the arteries. Some cases of erectile dysfunction results from a cardiovascular issue. In these instances nitric oxide not only helps in the treatment of these diseases but it consequently treats the erectile dysfunction that is a symptom of the disease. Impotence or erectile dysfunction, in some cases happens when the blood vessels in the penis are unable to dilate sufficiently and enable enough blood to flow through the penis and enable the engorgement that results in the erection. Because the blood vessels in the penis are relaxed they are able to accommodate more blood flow, resulting in a nitric oxide erection.

Nitric oxide is available as a supplement that men can take. These supplements contain arginine. This is an amino acid that facilitates the production in the body. Unfortunately, with such supplements the results do not last for long and they also require high dosages. For men who want more than what an erection can use herbal supplements that can help with their erectile dysfunction problems. This includes Ginseng. Nitric oxide has to be present in the body for any man to be able to get and maintain an erection. Unfortunately, men who are experiencing impotence and erectile dysfunction are suffering from this problem because the levels in the body decrease as one gets older.

As previously mentioned, nitric oxide is naturally produced in the body. It is a combination of an oxygen atom and arginine. It is produced in the endothelial cell membranes and then is transferred to the muscle tissue of the blood vessels. Here vasodilatation occurs. This is simply the process whereby the blood vessels in the penis are relaxed and so grow in size. This then enables the penis to accommodate more blood flow. Erectile dysfunction is often a sign of a cardiovascular issue if there is insufficient blood flow to the penis. This often happens when there is a lot of plaque in the arteries. The growth of plaque in the arteries is often a consequence of decreased production, which is something that naturally happens in men as they grow older.

There are pills that one can get in order to increase the levels in the body temporarily. Such pills include Viagra in Canada and Cialis. These pills are only available through a prescription through a doctor. These drugs increase the levels in the body for a few hours. Unfortunately, drugs such as these do not help in the long-term improvement in the production in the body. For this reason these drugs should only be used for the purposes of sexual intercourse and must be taken right before to ensure an erection.

Fortunately, there are some natural ways in which men can increase the levels of nitric oxide in their bodies. Regular exercise is one of the best ways to do so. This exercise has to increase the heart rate. Other than exercise men should reduce their cholesterol levels, they should also stop smoking if they are smokers. Basically, a good lifestyle and healthy diet will delay the decline of nitric oxide in the body. Prevention is better than cure in this case as the male enhancement drugs can be very costly. And also, irresponsible use of these supplements will result in to severe side effects. If used excessively it may also result in to a permanent damage to the male organ.

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Is Wart Vaccination Against Cancer A Reality?

Warts have plagued humans for centuries. In fact, warts are often seen in stories and fairytales as being a sickness of ugly and horrible people. It’s not surprising really if you consider how horrible they can look when you let them get out of control. But these days the problem can be solved. How is this possible?

Medical science has once again come to the rescue. Clever researchers started by isolating the cause of warts. They pinpointed a virus as the cause, which was a bit of a surprise. But this is a slow growing virus that sets to work after entering your system. It produces fleshy little growths on your skin that can turn into ugly cauliflower like growths if they are not treated.

Wart treatments over the years have been mostly conventional. Various liquid medicines have been applied to warts – some worked and some did not. But this was slow and painstaking work. Similarly, the surgical methods were only moderately successful. These were methods like burning them off, also known as electrocautery, or freezing them off, also known as cryotherapy.

Then came laser therapy which had some success also. But the problem has always been that you can only get rid of the warts that you can see with the naked eye – and that’s only half of them! Many tiny microscopic warts are already present on the skin but you can’t see them yet. This presented a major problem to doctors all over the world.

To complicate matters, it was also recently discovered that cervical cancer in women is indirectly caused by the same virus that causes genital warts. It is called the Human Papilloma Virus. And scientists discovered that there are quite a few different strains of the virus around. Two of these strains cause genital warts and two others cause cervical cancer.

Faced with this dilemma the scientists set to work. In the past few years the breakthrough came when they discovered a vaccine for the HPV virus. This means that you can now be vaccinated against HPV at a young age. Currently girls as young as 12 years old are being vaccinated already. This is to prevent them from getting the viral infection before they are even exposed to it.

A dual action vaccine has now been developed that prevents both strains of the virus. This means you can be protected against genital warts as well as cervical cancer in later life. So it’s become a no brainer really. Every young girl aged twelve or older should be given the three course vaccination to protect her against both these nasty diseases. Prevention is better than cure as they say in the classics!

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Liver Cancer Tell Tale Signs and Symptoms

Liver is one of the important parts of our body that secrets bile juice and helps in the digestion of the food we eat. When cells in the liver start growing at an abnormal rate causing problems in the normal functioning of the liver then it should be suspected as liver cancer. It is very difficult to identify liver cancer at an early stage as it shows no signs and symptoms. Often the symptoms shown are also misleading and felt as some other health problem.

Scientific research shows that the causes of liver cancer are obesity, hepatitis B or C infection, extreme alcohol use and forming of Aflatoxin B1 from a mold called Aspergillus in our body. This mold enters our body through food. Coming to types of liver cancer the most common type is Hepato cellular cancer also called as Carcinoma. The other types are Cholangio carcinoma, Hepato blastoma and Angio sarcoma.

As told no particular symptoms are shown in the early stages of this cancer. But as the cancer develops then we can see some symptoms like pain in the abdomen. The pain is because of swelling of liver due to cancer cells. The other common symptom is Jaundice. Jaundice causes yellowing of skin or whitening of eyes. In the early stages we can see discoloration of skin.

Usually upset of abdomen is also observed in the cancer of the liver patients. This makes the patient lose the urge for food which leads to abnormal weight loss. Patients may feel unusually nauseous and may begin to vomit. As the disease progress one may observe fluids forming in the abdomen. Most of the times patients suffer with fever because of which patient may get headache, chills or sweating. Other common symptom is white and chalky stools.

Even though it is not possible to diagnose cancer of the liver in the early stages it is better to go to a doctor and undergo required tests when any of the above symptoms are observed. The chances of cure are high when liver cancer is in early stage than in advanced stage. In advanced stage the option is liver transplantation. With liver transplantation you are put on a waiting list until a compatible liver is found.

Best rout to take would be to go to the doctor when you are feeling bad. That way they can do the necessary test to see what the problem is and how best to treat it.

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